If someone were to ask you different types of coffee, you’d probably come up with the classic kinds: regular, black, decaf, espresso, lattes and cappuccinos. If you frequent Starbucks, you might even come up with macchiatos and mochas, too.
In reality, that’s only a small portion of the coffee types that exist. With some help from Roasty Coffee, this article will go over every single type of coffee that you can find.
Coffee Bean Types
First things first. There are two main types of coffee beans that coffee is made from. You’ve probably seen them on your coffee cans when you buy them from the store, but you might not know what they mean.
Arabica beans are what the vast majority of coffees are made from. Arabica beans are the weaker of the two bean groups, and are by far the more popular bean. Chances are that any non-espresso coffee you have was brewed with Arabica beans.
Robusta beans, as the name might imply, are stronger than Arabica beans. These beans are used to make the majority espressos and stronger coffee drinks. They typically have a very bitter taste as well, so Robusta bean coffee isn’t always for everyone.
Types of Drinks
The next part of this article will go over the different types of drinks that can be brewed from these two types of beans. For your reading convenience, this article will divide this section into three subsections: espresso coffee and coffee typically made without espresso.
- Black coffee: Essentially regular coffee without the milk and sweetener. It’s drunk right after brewing.
- Cafe au lait: A drink that has an even amount of coffee and scalded milk.
- Ca phe sua da: Similar to iced coffee, this Vietnamese recipe adds sweetened, condensed milk to black coffee, then chilled with ice.
- Coffee with cream/milk and sugar: Also called ‘regular coffee’, this is definitely one of the most common coffee drinks out there. This coffee is usually made with Arabica beans, and involves the addition of milk or creamer and sugar.
- Cold brew: As the name implies, this coffee is brewed using cold water. This coffee takes a longer time to make.
- Drip coffee: This coffee is brewed by using hot water that is poured over coffee that’s been placed into a filter.
- Egg coffee: Though made with Robusto beans, this is not an espresso coffee. A Vietnamese drink, egg coffee is made with egg yolks in addition to sugar and condensed milk.
- Eiskaffe: Originating in Germany, this coffee is brewed, iced, and has ice cream added to it.
- French press: A special French press brewer is used to make this coffee; a plunger is used to squeeze the brewed coffee out of the grounds.
- Iced coffee: This coffee is brewed hot, then chilled or allowed to cool to alter the flavor. Usually has milk/cream and sugar added, and may have additional flavoring added. This is recognized as a coffee type separate from cold brew and ca phe sua da, and may be flavored or fall into more than one coffee type (i.e. an iced mocha).
- Irish coffee: This coffee is usually regular coffee with whiskey added and may or may not have sugar.
- Liqueur coffee: Similar to Irish coffee that adds alcohol after brewing, liqueur coffee is brewed with a 25ml shot of liqueur.
- Kopi susu: This coffee is regularly brewed, then has sweetened, condensed milk added and left to cool. The grounds are left to sink to the bottom before drinking.
- Moka: Not to be confused with mocha coffee, this type of coffee is brewed by forcing pressurized steam through the grounds. A special moka pot is used to make it.
- Percolated coffee: Hot water is repeatedly run through the grounds to make the coffee stronger as it’s brewed.
- Turkish coffee: This coffee uses grounds that have been ground fine, which are then submerged in water to create plenty of foam.
- Vacuum coffee: Definitely a unique kind of coffee, Roasty Coffee says this drink is produced by “using two chambers where vapor pressure and vacuum produce the final cup of coffee”.
- Vienna coffee: This recipe can use both espresso and non-espresso coffees. Whipped cream is added to this coffee, and may or may not have milk or cream added.
- Antoccino: This coffee is made by adding a shot of espresso and an equal amount of steamed milk.
- Black tie: A recipe from Thailand, this coffee is brewed with a double shot of espresso and mixed with Thai iced coffee. Sweetened, condensed milk is then added before serving.
- Breve: A drink made by adding an even mix of cream and milk to espresso.
- Caffe Americano: Similar to drip coffee, hot water is added to the coffee to create a Caffe Americano, except espresso is used.
- Café Bombon: A Spanish coffee that adds sweetened, condensed milk to espresso.
- Café Cubano: This Cuban coffee has demerara sugar added to espresso.
- Caffe Creama: A European drink that’s popular with Italians, Austrians and the Swiss, this coffee has 180ml to 240ml of water passing through the coffee grounds to make the espresso instead of the normal 25ml, according to Cook’s Info. No cream, milk or foam is used in the coffee.
- Caffe Gommosa: Going back to Roasty Coffee’s list, this dessert-like snack has espresso poured over a marshmallow.
- Café Zorro: This drink has a double shot of espresso added to an equal amount of water.
- Chai latte: A popular drink in the west, the chai latte is an espresso that has steamed milk and spiced tea added to it.
- Cortado: The acidity of the espresso is “cut” with a bit of warm milk, hence the name (“cortado” means “cut” in Spanish).
- Cappuccino: Another popular drink in the west, a cappuccino is an espresso that has hot milk and milk foam added.
- Doppio: With nothing but double shot of espresso, a doppio is meant to be served in a demitasse cup.
- Espressino: An espressino is an espresso that has had steamed milk and cocoa powder added to it.
- Espresso: A plain espresso – and the main ingredient of every drink in this section – is a coffee, usually made with Robusto beans, that is “ground and packed fine”. A tiny bit of water is added to alter the flavor and strength of the coffee.
- Espresso con panna: A very simple, refreshing drink, this coffee is an espresso with whipped cream.
- Espresso Romano: A nice drink during a cool summer evening, an espresso Romano is a single shot of espresso served with a slice of lemon.
- Flat white: A flat white is almost identical to a latte, except textured milk is used.
- Galao: A Portuguese drink, a galao is made by mixing foamed milk with espresso and serving in a tall glass.
- Guillermo: A fun, rather unusual coffee, a Guillermo consists of two shots of espresso poured over lime slices. The slices may or may not be chilled or sitting on ice.
- Latte: Using a bit of technical talk, Roasty Coffee describes a latte as an “espresso made with steamed milk in a 1:3 to 1:5 ratio with a little foam”.
- Lungo: A lungo is a watered-down coffee that uses double the amount of coffee normally used to brew espresso.
- Macchiato: A macchiato is essentially a stronger version of a cappuccino, with only a tiny bit of milk foam being used with the espresso.
- Mocha: A mocha is a latte that has had chocolate syrup added to it.
- Ristretto: A ristretto is an especially strong coffee that only uses half the amount of water.
There are many different types of coffee out there! Coffee is a drink that has been appreciated by countless cultures for many years, so it’s clear that many recipes across the globe have cropped up as people find new ways to refine and elevate the drink. Try these unique drinks yourself, or play around with Power Creamer’s creamer set to alter the flavor of the brews you make. You can try to experiment and find fun new ways to prepare these coffees – caffee gommosa s’mores, anyone?